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Removal of Cd, Cu, Pb, and Zn from aqueous solutions by biochars

TitleRemoval of Cd, Cu, Pb, and Zn from aqueous solutions by biochars
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsDoumer, M. E., Rigol A., Vidal M., and Mangrich A. S.
JournalEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research

Sorption and desorption of heavy metals (Cd, Cu, Pb, and Zn) was evaluated in biochars derived from sugarcane bagasse (SB), eucalyptus forest residues (CE), castor meal (CM), green coconut pericarp (PC), and water hyacinth (WH) as candidate materials for the treatment of contaminated waters and soils. Solid–liquid distribution coefficients depended strongly on the initial metal concentration, with K d,max values mostly within the range 103–104 L kg−1. For all biochars, up to 95 % removal of all the target metals from water was achieved. The WH biochar showed the highest K d,max values for all the metals, especially Cd and Zn, followed by CE (for Cd and Pb) and PC (for Cd, Pb, and Zn). Sorption data were fitted satisfactorily with Freundlich and linear models (in the latter case, for the low concentration range). The sorption appeared to be controlled by cationic exchange, together with specific surface complexation at low metal concentrations. The low desorption yields, generally less than 5 %, confirmed that the sorption process was largely irreversible and that the biochars could potentially be used in decontamination applications.

Short TitleEnviron Sci Pollut Res