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Adsorption behavior comparison of trivalent and hexavalent chromium on biochar derived from municipal sludge

TitleAdsorption behavior comparison of trivalent and hexavalent chromium on biochar derived from municipal sludge
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsChen, Tan, Zhou Zeyu, Xu Sai, Wang Hongtao, and Lu Wenjing
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume190
Pagination388 - 394
Date Published08/2015
ISSN09608524
Abstract

In this work, static equilibrium experiments were conducted to distinguish the adsorption performance between the two valence states of chromium on biochar derived from municipal sludge. The removal capacity of Cr(VI) is lower than 7 mg/g at the initial chromium concentration range of 50 mg/L to 200 mg/L, whereas that of Cr(III) higher than 20 mg/g. It indicates that Cr(III) is much easier to be stabilized than Cr(VI). No significant changes in the biochar surface functional groups are observed before and after the adsorption equilibrium, demonstrating the poor contribution of organic matter in chromium adsorption. The main mechanism of heavy metal adsorption by biochar involves (1) surface precipitation through pH increase caused by biochar buffer ability, and (2) exchange between cations in solution (Cd2+) and in biochar matrix (e.g. Ca2+ and Mg2+). The reduction of Cr(VI) to Cr(III) is necessary to improve removal efficiency of chromium.

URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960852415006495
DOI10.1016/j.biortech.2015.04.115
Short TitleBioresource Technology