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The conversion of sewage sludge into biochar reduces polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon content and ecotoxicity but increases trace metal content

TitleThe conversion of sewage sludge into biochar reduces polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon content and ecotoxicity but increases trace metal content
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsZieliƄska, Anna, and Oleszczuk Patryk
JournalBiomass and Bioenergy
Volume75
Pagination235 - 244
Date Published04/2015
ISSN09619534
Abstract

The presence of contaminants considerably restricts the application of sewage sludge for the fertilisation and reclamation of soils. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are ubiquitous in the environment and vary widely in sewage sludge depending on the input of industrial effluents. The objective of the study was the investigation whether the pyrolysis affect (reduces or adds) the total quantity of PAHs in sewage sludge-derived biochars and whether the pyrolysis changes the PAHs spectrum in terms of relative contributions of more hazardous components. Additionally, the trace metal content was determined before and after pyrolysis as well as the ecotoxicological parameters test towards plant (Lepidium sativum), bacteria (Vibrio fischeri) and crustacean (Daphnia magna). Sewage sludges conversion to biochar significantly reduced the content of PAHs (from 8- to 25-fold depending on pyrolysis temperature and kind of sludge). The exception was the content of naphthalene. Naphthalene was predominant in sewage sludge-derived biochars. However the concentration of the most hazardous 5- and 6-rings PAHs in sewage sludge-derived biochars was much lower compared to sewage sludge. The pyrolysis of sewage sludges caused also a significant reduction of their toxicity towards the test organisms. Only in the case of crustacean it was observed that the extracts from some biochars, obtained at higher temperatures (600 °C and 700 °C) were more toxic to D. magna than extracts from sewage sludge. In turn, after pyrolysis an increase was noted for trace metals content (Pb, Cd, Zn, Cu, Ni and Cr).

URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0961953415000550
DOI10.1016/j.biombioe.2015.02.019
Short TitleBiomass and Bioenergy