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바이오차르 토양 투입에 따른 지렁이의 행동변화 연구 - 회피 및 생산성 변화 (Behavior Changes of Earthworm from Soils Amended with Biochar - Avoidance and Productivity -)

Title바이오차르 토양 투입에 따른 지렁이의 행동변화 연구 - 회피 및 생산성 변화 (Behavior Changes of Earthworm from Soils Amended with Biochar - Avoidance and Productivity -)
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsKim, Eugene, Yangseunghun, Seo-yeon Kim, Yunhongseok, and Kar-wing Lau
Journal한국기후변화학회지 (Korea Society of Climate Change)

Biochar application to soil is widely known to have effects of climate change mitigation and soil quality improvement. However, effects of biochar on soil ecosystem are not always positive and some biochars are reported to contain toxic materials which might influence soil ecosystem. In this context, this study aims to investigate behavioral changes of earthworms(Eisenia fetida, Eisenia andrei) in response to different application rates of biochar to artificial soil. Treatment included two types of biochars made from rice husk (RH_Char) and wastewater sludge (SL_Char) with 1% and 10% application rates, respectively. Avoidance test revealed that earthworms did not avoid SL_Char treatments at 1% and 10%, while they rather moved to the RH_Char treatments probably due to higher labile carbon content(Hot water extractable carbon) of the RH_Char. The HWC content of RH_Char was 4 times higher than that of the SL_Char. Results of reproduction test showed that the survival rates, number of juveniles and number of cocoons were not influenced by biochar application except for the treatment of SL_Char at 10% rate. In the SL_Char 10% treatment, fatality was approximately 3.3 times as high as the control and the number of cocoons was 1.3 times higher in the same treatment than the control, indicating that earthworms were under environmental stress. The possible explanation for the stress condition was related to higher Cd, Ni, Cr, and As contents in the SL_Char. Overall results imply that biochar application at low rate might not change earthworms" behavior for the short term, while the reproduction behavior might be negatively influenced under the high application rate.