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Toxicity of biochars after polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons removal by thermal treatment

TitleToxicity of biochars after polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons removal by thermal treatment
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsKołtowski, Michał, and Oleszczuk Patryk
JournalEcological Engineering
Volume75
Pagination79 - 85
Date Published02/2015
ISSN09258574
Abstract

Due to the high content of PAHs in biochars, their utilisation in agriculture is questioned. However, in the literature there is a lack of evidence whether and what amount of PAHs in biochar may create a threat to living organisms. The objective of the study was to determine the effect of PAHs on various biochars toxicity towards Vibrio fischeri, Daphnia magna and Lepidium sativum. The study was conducted on three biochars obtained from miscanthus (BCM), willow (BCW) and wheat straw (BCS). PAHs were removed from the biochars by drying at temperatures of 100 °C, 200 °C and 300 °C. Depending on the kind of biochar, drying at temperature of 100 °C caused PAH content reduction at the level of 33.8–88.1%. Increase of the drying temperature (to 200 °C and 300 °C) caused total reduction of PAHs within 24 h. PAH removal from the biochar that had their highest content (BCM) caused total reduction of its toxicity. In the case of the other biochars (BCS and BCW), in which lower content of PAHs was observed relative to biochar BCM, no correlation was noted between the level of removal of PAHs and their toxicity.

URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0925857414005758
DOI10.1016/j.ecoleng.2014.11.004
Short TitleEcological Engineering