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8. Environmental Applications of Hydrothermal Carbonization Technology: Biochar Production, Carbon Sequestration, and Waste Conversion

Title8. Environmental Applications of Hydrothermal Carbonization Technology: Biochar Production, Carbon Sequestration, and Waste Conversion
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsBerge, Nicole D., Kammann Claudia, Ro Kyoung, and Libra Judy
Book TitleSustainable Carbon Materials from Hydrothermal Processes
Chapter8
Abstract

Utilization of hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) in environmentally relevant applications is fairly new, and there is much additional research required to fully explore the potential and subsequent use of the process in such applications. This chapter describes the current knowledge associated with environmentally relevant HTC applications. The use of HTC as a waste management tool is first examined. This isfollowed by an overview of char applications, with a focus on char as a soil amendment. In addition, the current commercial status and research needs required to implement carbonization at the field-scale are discussed.