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Influence of activated carbon and biochar on phytotoxicity of air-dried sewage sludges to Lepidium sativum

TitleInfluence of activated carbon and biochar on phytotoxicity of air-dried sewage sludges to Lepidium sativum
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsOleszczuk, Patryk, Rycaj Marcin, Lehmann Johannes, and Cornelissen Gerard
JournalEcotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Abstract

The goal of the research was to determine the phytotoxicity (using Lepidium sativum) of two activated carbon/biochar-amended sewage sludges. Apart from the impact of the AC/biochar dose, the influence of biochar particle diameter (<300, 300–500 and >500 µm) and the influence of the contact time (7, 60, 90 days) between AC/biochar and sewage sludges on their phytotoxicity was also assessed. No negative impact of sewage sludges on seed germination was observed (P>0.05). The application of AC or biochar to the sludges positively affected root growth by reducing the harmful effect by 7.8 to 42% depending on the material used. Furthermore, the reduction range clearly depended on the type of sewage sludge. No differences were observed in the inhibition of the toxic effect between both biochar types used and the biochar particle size. The extension of the contact time between AC/biochar and sewage sludges had a negative impact on root growth.