|Title||Effects of Biochar on Soil Quality and Heavy Metal Availability in a Military Shooting Range Soil in Korea|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2011|
|Authors||Lee, Sung Eun, Ahmad Mahtab, Usman Adel A. R. A., Awad Yasser M., Min Sun Hong, Yang Jae E., Lee Sang Soo, and Ok Yong Sik|
Heavy metal remediation in shooting range soil is a challenge over the world. The excessive Pb accumulation in the soil can deteriorate soil quality and fertility. The objectives of this research were to evaluate the efficiency of biochar (BC) in improving the physicochemical and biological properties of the soil and to evaluate its effect on Pb availability in a military shooting range soil. Sandy loam soil was collected from shooting range of Gyeonggi Province, South Korea and was incubated for 30 days with different application rates (0-30% w w-1) of BC. The results showed that the addition of BC increased aggregate stability, nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) contents, and enzyme activities in soil. Sequential extraction showed that residual and organic bound fractions in the soil amended with BC increased by 33.1 and 16.7%, respectively, and the exchangeable fraction decreased by 93.7% in the soil amended with BC, compared to the unamended soil. We concluded that the application of BC could not only improve physicochemical and biological soil qualities but also stabilize Pb in a shooting range soil.